One approach is to prioritize groups who are most vulnerable to serious outcomes like hospitalization and death, such as the elderly. Another approach is to prioritize groups who are most responsible for spreading the infection. The question is which approach will work best in a given population.
Since the first case of novel coronavirus was reported in China in late December 2019, this new strain of virus has spread around the globe. To date, there have been more than 23,000 confirmed infections in more than 25 countries, and the death toll is close to 500 people worldwide.
As of January 31, 2020, the Canadian government has confirmed four cases of the 2019 novel coronavirus in Canada, three cases in Ontario and one in British Columbia.
Canadians with upcoming travel plans, in the middle of a trip, as well as those who have recently returned from overseas, are advised to become informed on the current outbreak and take the necessary precautions to ensure their safety and that of those around them.
On Nov. 16, the CDC released three separate travel alerts after health officials reported outbreaks of the virus in Israel, New Zealand, and Moldova. Four days later, the health agency also warned travellers about a measles outbreak in Colombia.*
The measles is an infectious airborne disease spread by breathing, coughing, and sneezing, which may result in serious complications leading to pneumonia or death. Signs and symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, as well as red and watery eyes. Read more…
Travellers headed to Senegal should take steps to protect themselves from mosquito bites due to an outbreak of dengue fever.
Health officials in the West African country have reported the spread of the viral disease, which is known to cause nausea, headache, fever, rash, vomiting, minor bleeding, as well as pain in the eyes, muscles, and joints. Read more…
Rubella is an infectious disease spread by sneezes and coughs. Also referred to as the “German Measles,” it causes rashes and fevers that usually last between two and three days and symptoms are often mild.
Prior to entering Japan, the CDC recommends travellers receive the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine.
Pregnant women, however, are warned not to enter the country due to the risks the rubella virus poses to developing babies. It is known to cause birth defects such as mental disabilities, deafness, cataracts, and organ damage.
Japanese health officials report that most cases are occurring in the Kanto region in locations such as Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, and Saitama.